Volume 3, Issue 4 (2-2022)                   Int. J. Ethics Soc 2022, 3(4): 25-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Edrisi A, Karami M. Social Components Affecting the Occurrence of Moral Gap. Int. J. Ethics Soc. 2022; 3 (4) :25-32
URL: http://ijethics.com/article-1-152-en.html
1- Dept. of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (146 Views)
Background: Morality is one of the main components of the durability and consistency of human societies. Moral commitment is one of the determinants of social health. The degree of commitment of individuals in society to moral values ​​can cause deviation or prevent social deviations in society. The present study aimed to study the social factors affecting the occurrence of moral gap.
Method: The method of this research is applied and descriptive-correlation survey. The statistical population included all citizens over 18 years in Abhar in 2020. The research samples were selected based on Morgan table and 411 people were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling method. Data were collected using the Questionnaire Social Factors Affecting the Moral Gap. The content validity was measured by qualitative method and the reliability was measured by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The data were analyzed by SPSS software.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of the moral gap of citizens are 2.49 and 1, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient test has a significant relationship between social factors and moral gap (p = 0.00, R = 0.219). Unfavorable social conditions increase the moral gap and, conversely, favorable conditions reduce the moral gap.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate the effect of social components on the moral gap. Among the social components, the role of feelings of insecurity and feelings of injustice is directly acknowledged in the moral gap, so these results can help officials and managers to plan to reduce citizens' feelings of injustice and insecurity.
Article number: 4
Full-Text [PDF 676 kb]   (47 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/07/28 | Accepted: 2021/08/19 | Published: 2022/02/27

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